Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It is run by the government as a public good and manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with a route length of 95,981 km (59,640 mi) as of March 2019. About 63% of all the routes are electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC electric traction.
In the fiscal year ending March 2019, IR carried 8.44 billion passengers and transported 1.23 billion tonnes of freight. IR runs 13,523 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, covering 7,321 stations across India. Mail or Express trains, the most common types, run at an average speed of 50.6 km/h (31.4 mph). Suburban EMUs run at an average speed of 37.5 km/h (23.3 mph). Ordinary Passenger Trains (incl. mixed) run at an average speed of 33.5 km/h (20.8 mph). Maximum speed of passenger trains varies with the Vande Bharat Express running at the peak speed of 180 km/h (110 mph).
In the freight segment, IR runs more than 9,146 trains daily. The average speed of freight trains is around 24 km/h (15 mph). Maximum speed of freight trains varies from 60 to 75 km/h (37 to 47 mph) depending on their axle load with "container special" trains running at a peak speed of 100 km/h (62 mph).
As of March 2019, Indian Railways' rolling stock consisted of 289,185 freight wagons, 74,003 passenger coaches and 12,147 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India. Being the world's eighth-largest employer, it had 1.227 million employees as of March 2019.
The government has committed to electrify its entire rail network by 2023-24, and become a "net-zero railway" by 2030.